Handling and planting bare-rooted
Trees, as packed when they leave the nursery, should be quite safe for 3-4 days,
provided they are kept cool and moist. Never stand in direct sunlight.
Deciduous trees in
May be held for 4-6 days, provided roots are kept moist, any longer and
they should be heeled into soil or sawdust.
Careful planning will
contribute more to the success of your plantings than any other factor.
your plantings carefully.
advice from Forest Consultants, Councils or Rangiora Nursery personnel.
rip planting lines with a winged ripper (late summer-autumn).
adequate weed control. Spraying before or after planting will vary with
individual species. Consult with chemical representatives, forestry
advisors or nursery personnel.
forestry contractor for planting or weed control.
pests e.g. rabbits, hares, possums.
personnel for recommended contractors in your area.
Cultivation and Planting
planting sites with spade or winged ripper. Free ground allows correct
placement of roots, strong root development and anchorage.
spray with a suitable herbicide.
the tree clear of competition for at least one year.
planting is critical. Poor root alignment may lead to toppling and/or
Preparation of your
planting site by cultivation with a winged ripper will break up hard soil
pans, greatly enhancing early root development and subsequent tree
An Atlas planting spade is excellent for planting trees. The blade is
narrow, inflexible and long enough (30cm) to cultivate and open a good
planting techniques are essential for successful long term tree growth.
well informed of planting quality requirements. Talk to nursery personnel.
depth, firmness and root alignment.
Grass and vegetation competes with new trees for light and soil moisture.
herbicides applied before or after planting will give up to 12 months total
weed control. Talk to nursery personnel.
competition will increase tree survival and growth.
Slow release fertilisers may be incorporated at planting time. Soluble
fertilisers may be applied 6-8 weeks after planting.
Boron is deficient in
most South Island soils, and will lead to inferior timber quality and
growth. Application of Boron three years after planting is recommended.
Why plant Pinus radiata cuttings?
diameter robust treestocks.
buds and short hard needles increase resistance to rabbit browse and
reduce transplant stress.
"sail" area means improved stability in wind and snow
increase in form means less treestocks need to be established per hectare
cuttings will reduce toppling on high fertility ex pasture sites
cuttings from one seed retains vigor and genetic gain, while adding
beneficial physical characteristics as the stock plant (from which cuttings
are taken) ages.
As a stock plant ages
from 1-5 years the cutting taken grows more like the top of an older tree,
taller, thinner with reduced foliage area, shorter needles and sealed buds.
Attractive and effective farm
Use single or multiple rows of conifer species with dense foliage to block
cold polar winds.
Use a single row of deciduous trees to filter cold summer easterlies while
allowing the sun to pass through during winter.
Two rows are best for strength and effectiveness. Must allow at least 50%
of wind to pass through in a strong gale. Fast growing primary trees will
give effective shelter for 20 times their height.
A second row of
slower growing species on the windward side will increase shelterbelt
dynamics and enhance amenity values.
Western Red Cedar
NB: Care must be taken to select the plant variety and spacings which best
suit your local conditions.
Derrick or Gillian. Bring in your plans or ideas
and we will find the best shelter design for you.